Friday, March 26, 2010

Jadual dan Lokasi Kempen Derma Darah

APRIL 2010

1. Universiti Multimedia (MMU), Bukit Beruang, Melaka.
Anjuran Lions Club of Melaka Raya
1 April 2010, Khamis, 11am - 3pm

2. United Overseas Bank (UOB), Plaza Mahkota
3 April 2010, Sabtu, 9am - 2pm

3. Mahkota Parade
Anjuran Lions Club of Malacca
4 April 2010, Ahad, 11am - 3pm

4. Mydin MITC
Anjuran Proton Club Negeri Melaka
4 April 2010, Ahad, 9am - 4 pm

5. Kolej Komuniti Selandar
7 April 2010, Rabu, 9am - 3pm

6. Lobi Baru Hospital Pantai Ayer Keroh,
Anjuran Hospital Pantai Ayer Keroh
8 April 2010, Khamis, 10am - 4 pm

7. Plaza Pandan Malim Business Park
United Overseas Bank (UOB) Pandan Malim
10 April 2010, Sabtu, 10am - 2pm

8. UniKL, Taboh Naning
Anjuran Klinik Kesihatan Simpang Empat
7 April 2010, Rabu,
9am - 12pm

9. Multimedia Universiti
Anjuran Persatuan Bulan Sabit Merah MMU
12-13 April 2010, Isnin - Selasa, 10am-5pm

10. SRJK (C) Sim Wah, Durian Tunggal,
Anjuran RELA
15 April 2010, Khamis, 10am-tamat

11. Pasaraya Bintang, Cheng
Anjuran Anjuran Persatuan Bulan Sabit Merah
17 April 2010, Sabtu, 2pm-6pm

12. Sek Keb (C) Umbai,
Anjuran MCA Umbai
18 April 2010, Ahad, 9am-1pm

13. Discovery Cafe,
18 April 2010, Ahad, 8am-tamat

14. Mc. Donald Melaka Sentral
17 April 2010, Sabtu, 10am-3pm

15.Pasaraya Bintang
Anjuran PBSM
18 April 2010, Ahad, 2pm-6pm

Updated (14 April 2010)

16. Tenaga Nasional Berhad, MITC, Ayer Keroh
19 April 2010, Isnin, 10am-tamat

17. Politeknik Merlimau
20 April 2010, Selasa, 9am-5pm

18. Institut Kemahiran Mara Jasin
21 April 2010, Rabu, 8.30am-1pm

19. SMK Datuk Bendahara, Jasin
21 April 2010, Rabu, 9.30am-tamat

20.Bangunan United Malacca Berhad
Anjuran United Malacca Berhad
23 April 2010, Jumaat, 9am-12pm

21. SMK Datuk Hj. Talib Karim, Alor Gajah
27 April 2010, Selasa, 9.30am-tamat

22. SMK Ghafar Baba, Masjid Tanah
27 April 2010, Selasa, 9.30am-tamat

23. SMK Gajah Berang
28 April 2010, Rabu, 9.30am-tamat

24. SMK Yok Bin, Ayer Leleh
29 April 2010, Khamis, 9.30am-tamat

25. Ibu Pejabat Polis Kontinjen Melaka
29 April 2010, Khamis, 8.00am-tamat

Friday, March 19, 2010

Jadual dan Lokasi Kempen Derma Darah

Mac 2010

1. A Sport Arena Futsal, Klebang,
Anjuran SJAM Div Jonker Walk,
21 Mac 2010 (Ahad), 9am - 3pm

2. Mahkota Parade,
Anjuran Malaysian Consultative Council of Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Sikhism & Taoism,

21 Mac 2010 (Ahad), 10am-2pm

3. Kolej Risda,
24 Mac 2010 (Rabu), 9am-tamat

4. Wesley Methodist Church, Tengkera,
27 Mac 2010 (Sabtu), 8am-tamat

5. TESCO Melaka,
Anjuran APEX Club,

28 Mac 2010 (Ahad), 12pm-5pm

6. Perhentian Bas & Teksi Jasin, Melaka,
Anjuran Jasin Sai Bajan Unit
28 Mac 2010 (Ahad), 2.30pm-5.30pm

7. Pasaraya Bintang, Cheng, Melaka,
Anjuran PBSM,
30 Mac 2010 (Selasa), 5pm-9pm

Wednesday, March 17, 2010

Study shows blood donation can reduce risk of heart disease

Click picture to read

David G. Meyers, MD, associate clinical professor of cardiology conducted the study which expands on a previous study from 1997 that concluded men who donate blood regularly might reduce their risk of heart disease up to 30 percent. The results of the study are published in the current issue of Transfusion, an academic publication for blood banking professionals. Read more

Keistimewaan Penderma Darah

Penderma - penderma darah yang menderma di Pusat Darah Negara dan lain - lain Tabung Darah di Hospital Kerajaan adalah layak mendapatkan rawatan percuma seperti di jadual berikut :

Jadual Keistimewaan Rawatan Penderma Darah di Fasiliti Kesihatan (Hospital, Institusi dan Klinik Kesihatan), Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia mengikut Surat Pekeliling KPK 5/2005 bertarikh 20 Julai 2005


1 kali
Percuma rawatan pesakit luar dan rawatan perubatan (tidak termasuk bayaran X-ray dan pembedahan) dan wad kelas dua untuk tempoh 4 bulan.

2 kali (dalam tempoh 12 bulan)
Percuma suntikan pencegahan Hepatitis B

2 ~ 5 kali
Percuma rawatan pesakit luar dan rawatan perubatan dan wad kelas dua untuk tempoh 4 bulan.

6 ~ 10 kali
Percuma rawatan pesakit luar selama 1 tahun dan rawatan perubatan kelas dua untuk tempoh 6 bulan.

11 ~ 15 kali
Percuma rawatan pesakit luar selama 2 tahun dan rawatan perubatan dan wad kelas dua untuk tempoh 1 tahun.

16 ~ 20 kali
Percuma rawatan pesakit luar dan rawatan perubatan dan wad kelas dua untuk tempoh 2 tahun.

21 ~ 30 kali
Percuma rawatan pesakit luar dan rawatan perubatan dan wad kelas dua untuk tempoh 3 tahun.

31 ~ 40 kali
Percuma rawatan pesakit luar dan rawatan perubatan dan wad kelas satu untuk tempoh 4 tahun.

41 ~ 50 kali
Percuma rawatan pesakit luar dan rawatan perubatan dan wad kelas satu untuk tempoh 6 tahun.

Lebih 50 kali (bagi penderma“Whole blood”) dan Lebih 150 kali (bagi penderma aferesis)
Percuma rawatan pesakit luar dan rawatan perubatan dan wad kelas satu untuk tempoh 10 tahun dan wad kelas dua seumur hidup selepas 10 tahun di wad kelas satu.

Sumber; Pusat Darah Negara

Tuesday, March 16, 2010

Thursday, March 11, 2010

About World Blood Donor Day

Millions of people owe their lives to people they will never meet – people who donate their blood freely and without any reward. However, the overwhelming majority of the world’s populations do not have access to safe blood. Over 80 million units of blood are donated every year, but only 38% are collected in developing countries where 82% of the global populations live.

In addition, many countries remain dependent on donation by the families or friends of patients who require blood and, in some countries, blood donors still receive payment. Yet evidence from around the world demonstrates that voluntary unpaid donors are the foundation of a safe blood supply because they are least likely to transmit potentially life-threatening infections, such as HIV and hepatitis viruses, to the recipients of their blood. It is to these unsung heroes that World Blood Donor Day is dedicated.

World Blood Donor Day builds on the success of World Health Day 2000 which was devoted to the theme ‘Blood Saves Lives. Safe Blood Starts With Me. The enthusiasm and energy with which this day was celebrated indicated that there would be a positive response to an opportunity to give thanks to the millions of people who give the precious gift of life. It also builds on International Blood Donor Day organized annually by the International Federation of Blood Donor Organizations since 1995.

The event on 14 June 2005 is not intended to replace events such as national Blood Donor Days, but provides a special opportunity for a united, global celebration on a day that has particular significance: the birthday of Karl Landsteiner, the Nobel Prize winner who discovered the ABO blood group system.

While it is hoped that World Blood Donor Day will create wider awareness of the importance of voluntary blood donation and encourage more people to become regular blood donors, the purpose is not to attract a big influx of new donors on 14 June. Rather, it is designed to celebrate and thank those individuals who voluntarily donate their blood without any reward, except the knowledge that they have helped to save lives, particularly those who give blood on a regular basis two, three or more times each year. It is our hope that a new generation of blood donors will follow their example, providing the safest blood possible for use wherever and whenever it is needed to save life. Youth will therefore be the focus of the day.

The day will also provide an opportunity to highlight the fact that voluntary non-remunerated blood donors are the foundation of a safe blood supply because they are associated with significantly lower levels of infections that can be transmitted by transfusion, including HIV and hepatitis viruses. Screening for transfusion-transmissible infections is essential, but the safest donations come from the safest donors.

14 June has been selected as World Blood Donor Day by three major organizations working for voluntary non-remunerated blood donation: the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, the International Federation of Blood Donor Organizations and the International Society of Blood Transfusion. These organizations have been joined by the World Health Organization, which is co-sponsoring the event. Between them, they represent 192 Member States, 181 national Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, 50 national voluntary blood donor organizations and blood transfusion specialists throughout the world.

World Blood Donor Day provides a unique opportunity to give thanks to those very special people who provide the foundation of a safe blood supply, available to all patients requiring transfusion.We urge you to join with others in the global community in making 14 June 2005 an event to remember.


Karl Landsteiner

Karl Landsteiner was born in Vienna on June 14, 1868. His father, Leopold Landsteiner, a doctor of law, was a well-known journalist and newspaper publisher, who died when Karl was six years old. Karl was brought up by his mother, Fanny Hess, to whom he was so devoted that a death mask of her hung on his wall until he died. After leaving school, Landsteiner studied medicine at the University of Vienna, graduating in 1891. Even while he was a student he had begun to do biochemical research and in 1891 he published a paper on the influence of diet on the composition of blood ash. To gain further knowledge of chemistry he spent the next five years in the laboratories of Hantzsch at Zurich, Emil Fischer at Wurzburg, and E. Bamberger at Munich.

Returning to Vienna, Landsteiner resumed his medical studies at the Vienna General Hospital. In 1896 he became an assistant under Max von Gruber in the Hygiene Institute at Vienna. Even at this time he was interested in the mechanisms of immunity and in the nature of antibodies. From 1898 till 1908 he held the post of assistant in the University Department of Pathological Anatomy in Vienna, the Head of which was Professor A. Weichselbaum, who had discovered the bacterial cause of meningitis, and with Fraenckel had discovered the pneumococcus. Here Landsteiner worked on morbid physiology rather than on morbid anatomy. In this he was encouraged by Weichselbaum, in spite of the criticism of others in this Institute. In 1908 Weichselbaum secured his appointment as Prosector in the Wilhelminaspital in Vienna, where he remained until 1919. In 1911 he became Professor of Pathological Anatomy in the University of Vienna, but without the corresponding salary.

Up to the year 1919, after twenty years of work on pathological anatomy, Landsteiner with a number of collaborators had published many papers on his findings in morbid anatomy and on immunology. He discovered new facts about the immunology of syphilis, added to the knowledge of the Wassermann reaction, and discovered the immunological factors which he named haptens (it then became clear that the active substances in the extracts of normal organs used in this reaction were, in fact, haptens). He made fundamental contributions to our knowledge of paroxysmal haemoglobinuria.

He also showed that the cause of poliomyelitis could be transmitted to monkeys by injecting into them material prepared by grinding up the spinal cords of children who had died from this disease, and, lacking in Vienna monkeys for further experiments, he went to the Pasteur Institute in Paris, where monkeys were available. His work there, together with that independently done by Flexner and Lewis, laid the foundations of our knowledge of the cause and immunology of poliomyelitis.

Landsteiner made numerous contributions to both pathological anatomy, histology and immunology, all of which showed, not only his meticulous care in observation and description, but also his biological understanding. But his name will no doubt always be honoured for his discovery in 1901 of, and outstanding work on, the blood groups, for which he was given the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1930.

In 1875 Landois had reported that, when man is given transfusions of the blood of other animals, these foreign blood corpuscles are clumped and broken up in the blood vessels of man with the liberation of haemoglobin. In 1901-1903 Landsteiner pointed out that a similar reaction may occur when the blood of one human individual is transfused, not with the blood of another animal, but with that of another human being, and that this might be the cause of shock, jaundice, and haemoglobinuria that had followed some earlier attempts at blood transfusions.

His suggestions, however, received little attention until, in 1909, he classified the bloods of human beings into the now well-known A, B, AB, and O groups and showed that transfusions between individuals of groups A or B do not result in the destruction of new blood cells and that this catastrophe occurs only when a person is transfused with the blood of a person belonging to a different group. Earlier, in 1901-1903, Landsteiner had suggested that, because the characteristics which determine the blood groups are inherited, the blood groups may be used to decide instances of doubtful paternity. Much of the subsequent work that Landsteiner and his pupils did on blood groups and the immunological uses they made of them was done, not in Vienna, but in New York. For in 1919 conditions in Vienna were such that laboratory work was very difficult and, seeing no future for Austria, Landsteiner obtained the appointment of Prosector to a small Roman Catholic Hospital at The Hague. Here he published, from 1919-1922, twelve papers on new haptens that he had discovered, on conjugates with proteins which were capable of inducing anaphylaxis and on related problems, and also on the serological specificity of the haemoglobins of different species of animals. His work in Holland came to an end when he was offered a post in the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research in New York and he moved there together with his family. It was here that he did, in collaboration with Levine and Wiener, the further work on the blood groups which greatly extended the number of these groups, and here in collaboration with Wiener studied bleeding in the new-born, leading to the discovery of the Rh-factor in blood, which relates the human blood to the blood of the rhesus monkey.

To the end of his life, Landsteiner continued to investigate blood groups and the chemistry of antigens, antibodies and other immunological factors that occur in the blood. It was one of his great merits that he introduced chemistry into the service of serology.

Rigorously exacting in the demands he made upon himself, Landsteiner possessed untiring energy. Throughout his life he was always making observations in many fields other than those in which his main work was done (he was, for instance, responsible for having introduced dark-field illumination in the study of spirochaetes). By nature somewhat pessimistic, he preferred to live away from people.

Landsteiner married Helen Wlasto in 1916. Dr. E. Landsteiner is a son by this marriage.

In 1939 he became Emeritus Professor at the Rockefeller Institute, but continued to work as energetically as before, keeping eagerly in touch with the progress of science. It is characteristic of him that he died pipette in hand. On June 24, 1943, he had a heart attack in his laboratory and died two days later in the hospital of the Institute in which he had done such distinguished work.

From Nobel Lectures, Physiology or Medicine 1922-1941, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1965